Sunday, October 11, 2009

Nobel Prizes 2009

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2009
1. Charles K. Kao (China): For groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication.
2. Willard S. Boyle (USA) and
3. George E. Smith (USA): For the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009
1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
(United Kingdom)
2. Thomas A. Steitz (USA) and
3. Ada E. Yonath (Israel): For studies of the structure and function of the ribosome
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009
1. Elizabeth H. Blackburn (USA)
2. Carol W. Greider (USA) and
3. Jack W. Szostak (USA): For the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase.
The Nobel Prize in Literature 2009
Herta Müller (Germany): Who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed.
The Nobel Peace Prize 2009
Barack Obama
(USA): For his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.